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Exoskeleton Technology in Army

Enhancing Soldier Performance through Exoskeleton Technology



In the dynamic landscape of modern warfare, the quest to enhance soldier performance has been a driving force behind technological innovation. From advancements in weaponry to improvements in communication systems, the goal has always been to equip soldiers with the tools they need to succeed on the battlefield while minimizing risk.

One of the most promising avenues of enhancement in recent years has been the development of exoskeleton technology. Inspired by science fiction and brought to life through cutting-edge engineering, exoskeletons have the potential to revolutionize the way soldiers operate in combat environments.

These wearable robotic devices, designed to augment human strength and endurance, offer a range of benefits that can significantly enhance soldier performance. From increased carrying capacity to improved resilience against physical strain, exoskeletons have the power to fundamentally alter the capabilities of the modern warrior.

But before delving into the specifics of how exoskeleton technology can enhance soldier performance, it's important to understand the context in which these advancements are taking place. Today's battlefields are characterized by ever-evolving threats, ranging from asymmetrical warfare tactics to the challenges of operating in diverse terrain and climates.

In such environments, soldiers are often required to carry heavy loads over long distances, navigate treacherous terrain, and perform physically demanding tasks under duress. These factors can take a toll on both physical and mental performance, potentially compromising mission success and endangering lives.

This is where exoskeleton technology enters the picture. By providing soldiers with mechanical support and assistance, exoskeletons have the potential to mitigate the physical strain associated with combat operations, allowing individuals to perform at peak levels for longer durations.

In addition to enhancing physical capabilities, exoskeletons can also offer significant ergonomic benefits. By optimizing posture and biomechanics, these devices can reduce the risk of musculoskeletal injuries and fatigue, enabling soldiers to maintain optimal performance throughout extended missions.

Furthermore, exoskeleton technology has the potential to facilitate seamless integration with other advanced systems, such as heads-up displays and augmented reality interfaces. By leveraging these synergies, soldiers can benefit from enhanced situational awareness and decision-making capabilities, further enhancing their effectiveness on the battlefield.

In summary, the introduction of exoskeleton technology represents a paradigm shift in the way we approach soldier enhancement. By combining cutting-edge engineering with a deep understanding of human physiology and biomechanics, exoskeletons offer a powerful solution to the challenges faced by modern warriors.

In the subsequent sections of this article, we will explore the various ways in which exoskeleton technology can enhance soldier performance, examining its applications across different aspects of military operations and highlighting the potential implications for the future of warfare.

Improved Physical Strength:

In the ever-evolving landscape of warfare, the quest for technological superiority is unceasing. One of the most promising advancements in this arena is the integration of exoskeleton technology to enhance the physical capabilities of soldiers. 

Among its myriad benefits, exoskeletons offer a profound enhancement in physical strength, revolutionizing the battlefield dynamics and augmenting soldiers' effectiveness in combat scenarios.

Exoskeletons are wearable robotic devices designed to amplify the wearer's strength and endurance while minimizing fatigue and strain. By harnessing cutting-edge materials and sophisticated engineering, these exosuits provide soldiers with superhuman strength, enabling them to effortlessly carry heavy loads and perform physically demanding tasks with unparalleled ease.

One of the primary applications of exoskeletons in military settings is the augmentation of soldiers' lifting and carrying capacities. Traditionally, soldiers are burdened with heavy loads, including weaponry, ammunition, and gear, which can severely impede their mobility and agility on the battlefield. 

Exoskeletons address this challenge by redistributing the weight and providing mechanical assistance, thereby reducing the physical strain on soldiers and allowing them to carry heavier payloads without compromising their performance.

Moreover, exoskeleton technology enables soldiers to execute tasks that would otherwise be impractical or impossible due to their physical limitations. Whether scaling rugged terrain, breaching obstacles, or maneuvering through hostile environments, exoskeleton-equipped soldiers exhibit enhanced mobility and dexterity, granting them a decisive advantage over conventional forces.

In addition to bolstering individual capabilities, exoskeletons facilitate collaborative efforts and teamwork on the battlefield. By standardizing soldiers' physical abilities and leveling the playing field, these advanced systems foster synergy and cohesion within military units, enabling seamless coordination and execution of complex missions.

Furthermore, the integration of exoskeleton technology promotes operational efficiency and effectiveness across diverse military domains. From reconnaissance and surveillance to logistics and supply chain management, exoskeleton-equipped soldiers can perform tasks more rapidly and with greater precision, thereby optimizing resource utilization and minimizing operational downtime.

However, while the potential benefits of exoskeleton technology in enhancing soldier performance are undeniable, several challenges and considerations must be addressed to maximize its effectiveness and deployment. These include ergonomic design considerations to ensure comfort and usability, power source optimization for prolonged endurance, and cybersecurity measures to safeguard against potential vulnerabilities and malicious attacks.


Enhanced Endurance:

In the dynamic landscape of modern warfare, the quest for enhancing soldier performance has led to groundbreaking advancements in technology. One such innovation, exoskeleton technology, has emerged as a game-changer in augmenting soldier capabilities. Among its myriad benefits, the enhancement of endurance stands out as a pivotal aspect reshaping the battlefield dynamics.

Endurance, the ability to sustain prolonged physical exertion and mental acuity in challenging environments, is paramount for soldiers operating in diverse operational theaters. Traditional combat gear imposes significant physical strain, leading to fatigue and diminished performance over time. 

However, exoskeletons offer a revolutionary solution by alleviating the burden on soldiers' bodies and enhancing their endurance through several key mechanisms.

Firstly, exoskeletons provide biomechanical support to mitigate the strain on muscles and joints during prolonged missions. By redistributing the weight of equipment and augmenting human strength, exoskeletons reduce the energy expenditure required for basic tasks such as carrying heavy loads or traversing rugged terrain. 

This reduction in physical strain translates into increased endurance, allowing soldiers to operate at peak performance for extended durations without succumbing to fatigue.

Moreover, exoskeleton technology integrates advanced ergonomic design principles to optimize user comfort and efficiency. Adjustable straps, cushioned padding, and modular components ensure a customized fit tailored to individual soldiers, minimizing discomfort and preventing injuries associated with prolonged wear. 

By promoting ergonomic alignment and reducing ergonomic stressors, exoskeletons enable soldiers to maintain optimal posture and mobility, thereby preserving their endurance throughout the mission.

Furthermore, exoskeletons incorporate sophisticated sensor systems and real-time feedback mechanisms to enhance situational awareness and cognitive performance. Integrated sensors monitor physiological parameters such as heart rate, body temperature, and hydration levels, providing vital insights into the soldier's physiological state. 

By alerting users to potential fatigue or dehydration risks, exoskeletons empower soldiers to proactively manage their physical well-being, thereby optimizing their endurance and cognitive function in high-stress environments.

Additionally, exoskeletons leverage advanced energy harvesting and propulsion technologies to augment human locomotion and enhance operational mobility. Powered exoskeletons utilize electric motors or hydraulic systems to assist movement, enabling soldiers to traverse challenging terrain with greater speed and efficiency. 

By amplifying human capabilities and reducing metabolic energy expenditure, powered exoskeletons extend the operational range of soldiers, enabling them to cover more ground and sustain prolonged missions with heightened endurance.

Moreover, exoskeleton technology facilitates seamless integration with existing military systems and equipment, ensuring interoperability and adaptability across diverse mission scenarios. 

Modular exoskeleton platforms can be easily customized to accommodate mission-specific requirements and integrate with other soldier systems such as communications gear, weapons, and protective equipment. 

This interoperability enhances the versatility and scalability of exoskeletons, enabling soldiers to optimize their endurance across a spectrum of operational environments and mission profiles.

Mobility and Maneuverability:

In the ever-evolving landscape of warfare, the quest for enhancing soldier performance has led to groundbreaking advancements in technology. Among these innovations, exoskeleton technology stands out as a game-changer, offering unparalleled opportunities to augment human capabilities on the battlefield. 

Within this realm, the focus on mobility and maneuverability emerges as a critical subtopic, representing a cornerstone in the quest to equip soldiers with the tools they need to excel in combat scenarios.

1. Redefining Mobility:

Traditionally, the agility and swiftness of soldiers have been constrained by the limitations of the human body. However, with the advent of exoskeletons, these constraints are being redefined. Exoskeletons provide soldiers with enhanced strength and endurance, enabling them to carry heavier loads over extended distances without succumbing to fatigue. 

This newfound mobility translates into greater operational flexibility, allowing soldiers to traverse diverse terrains with ease and efficiency. Whether navigating rugged landscapes or urban environments, exoskeleton-equipped soldiers can move swiftly and decisively, gaining a tactical edge over adversaries.

2. Unleashing Maneuverability:

Maneuverability lies at the heart of tactical superiority on the battlefield. Exoskeleton technology empowers soldiers to execute complex maneuvers with precision and agility, thereby outmaneuvering opponents and gaining strategic advantages. 

By augmenting the wearer's physical capabilities, exoskeletons enable soldiers to perform dynamic movements such as rapid direction changes, evasive maneuvers, and swift assaults. This newfound agility not only enhances individual soldier performance but also enables synchronized teamwork, as units can move cohesively with enhanced speed and coordination.

3. Enhancing Operational Effectiveness:

The integration of exoskeleton technology into military operations has far-reaching implications for enhancing operational effectiveness. By optimizing mobility and maneuverability, exoskeleton-equipped soldiers can accomplish missions with greater efficiency and effectiveness. 

Whether conducting reconnaissance missions, engaging in urban combat, or executing logistical tasks, soldiers outfitted with exoskeletons are better equipped to overcome obstacles and achieve mission objectives. 

Moreover, the enhanced endurance provided by exoskeletons enables soldiers to sustain peak performance over prolonged durations, ensuring operational success in dynamic and demanding environments.

4. Future Prospects and Challenges:

While exoskeleton technology holds immense promise for enhancing soldier performance, several challenges must be addressed to fully realize its potential. Technical considerations such as power source optimization, weight reduction, and ergonomic design are essential for maximizing the usability and effectiveness of exoskeletons in the field. 

Moreover, the integration of exoskeletons with existing military equipment and tactics requires careful planning and coordination. Additionally, ethical and societal implications surrounding the use of augmented human capabilities in warfare necessitate thoughtful deliberation and adherence to international norms and regulations.


Customization and Adaptability:

In the ever-evolving landscape of modern warfare, the quest to optimize soldier performance and enhance survivability has led to the integration of cutting-edge technologies into military operations. 

Among these advancements, exoskeleton technology has emerged as a game-changer, offering unparalleled opportunities for customization and adaptability on the battlefield.

1. Customization: Tailoring the Exoskeleton to Individual Needs

One of the most significant advantages of exoskeleton technology lies in its ability to be customized to the unique requirements of each individual soldier. Just as no two soldiers are exactly alike, their physical capabilities, preferences, and tactical roles vary widely. Exoskeletons can be tailored to accommodate these differences, ensuring optimal performance and comfort for each wearer.

Customization begins with a comprehensive assessment of the soldier's physical characteristics, including height, weight, body composition, and any existing injuries or limitations. This data serves as the foundation for designing an exoskeleton that fits seamlessly with the soldier's body, minimizing the risk of discomfort or injury during prolonged use.

Furthermore, exoskeletons can be configured to augment specific aspects of the wearer's physiology, such as strength, endurance, or agility. By adjusting the power output, range of motion, and control mechanisms, engineers can fine-tune the exoskeleton to enhance the soldier's capabilities in line with their operational requirements. 

For example, a reconnaissance scout may benefit from a lightweight exoskeleton that prioritizes speed and agility, while a combat engineer may require a more robust system focused on lifting heavy loads and providing stability in rugged terrain.

2. Adaptability: Flexibility in Changing Environments

In addition to customization, exoskeleton technology offers unparalleled adaptability, allowing soldiers to thrive in dynamic and unpredictable environments. Modern warfare often demands rapid response to shifting threats and changing mission objectives, requiring soldiers to transition seamlessly between different roles and operational scenarios. 

Exoskeletons equipped with modular components and advanced control systems can be quickly reconfigured to meet these evolving needs, providing a versatile platform that enhances both individual and unit effectiveness.

For example, a soldier tasked with long-range reconnaissance may initially require a lightweight exoskeleton optimized for stealth and mobility. However, if the mission parameters change suddenly, and the soldier needs to engage in direct combat or carry heavy equipment, the exoskeleton can be adapted on the fly to provide additional support and firepower without compromising maneuverability or speed.

Furthermore, exoskeleton technology can facilitate integration with other advanced systems, such as augmented reality displays, sensor networks, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). 

By leveraging these interconnected capabilities, soldiers can gain real-time situational awareness, access critical information, and coordinate with teammates more effectively, enhancing their overall combat effectiveness and survivability on the battlefield.

Human-Machine Interface:

In the ever-evolving landscape of modern warfare, technological advancements continuously shape the capabilities and effectiveness of military forces worldwide. Among the most promising innovations is the integration of exoskeleton technology, offering a paradigm shift in enhancing soldier performance on the battlefield. 

At the heart of this transformation lies the intricate relationship between humans and machines, epitomized by the Human-Machine Interface (HMI).

1. The Evolution of Exoskeleton Technology:

Exoskeletons, once confined to the realms of science fiction, have emerged as a tangible reality with profound implications for military operations. Initially conceptualized for medical rehabilitation and industrial applications, these wearable robotic systems have swiftly transitioned into military use, promising to augment the physical capabilities of soldiers and redefine the concept of a modern-day warrior.

2. Human-Machine Interface: The Crucial Link:

Central to the effectiveness of exoskeleton technology is the Human-Machine Interface, which serves as the bridge between the human operator and the machine. This interface encompasses a spectrum of sensory inputs, control mechanisms, and feedback loops designed to facilitate seamless interaction and cooperation between the soldier and the exoskeleton.

3. Sensory Inputs and Feedback Mechanisms:

The effectiveness of an exoskeleton hinges on its ability to accurately interpret the intentions and movements of the wearer. Through advanced sensors embedded within the exoskeleton's structure, it can detect subtle changes in body posture, muscle activity, and biomechanical cues. 

These sensory inputs are then processed in real-time, allowing the exoskeleton to respond with precision and fluidity, thereby enhancing the soldier's agility and coordination on the battlefield.

Moreover, feedback mechanisms play a pivotal role in optimizing the user experience and mitigating potential risks. By providing haptic feedback, visual cues, and auditory alerts, the exoskeleton ensures that the soldier remains aware of their surroundings and maintains control over their movements, even in high-stress environments.

4. Control Mechanisms: Empowering the Soldier:

Empowering the soldier to exert control over the exoskeleton is paramount to its utility and effectiveness in combat scenarios. Modern exoskeletons employ a diverse array of control mechanisms, ranging from intuitive gestural interfaces to neural interfaces that harness the power of brain-computer interfacing. 

These interfaces enable soldiers to seamlessly command the exoskeleton, dictating movements, adjusting parameters, and executing specialized tasks with precision and efficiency.

Furthermore, adaptive algorithms and machine learning algorithms play a crucial role in optimizing the exoskeleton's performance over time, tailoring its behavior to suit the unique physiology and preferences of each user. 

This iterative refinement ensures that the exoskeleton evolves in tandem with the soldier, maximizing their potential and adaptability in dynamic operational environments.

5. Future Directions and Implications:

As exoskeleton technology continues to advance, fueled by ongoing research and development efforts, the potential applications within the military domain are virtually limitless. From enhanced strength and endurance to improved situational awareness and tactical capabilities, exoskeletons hold the promise of transforming the very nature of warfare, ushering in an era where the boundaries between human and machine blur.

However, with these advancements come ethical considerations and societal implications that warrant careful deliberation. Issues surrounding autonomy, privacy, and the ethical use of technology underscore the need for responsible innovation and ethical governance frameworks to ensure that exoskeleton technology is wielded responsibly and in accordance with international norms and principles.


Integration with Future Technologies:

In the ever-evolving landscape of military operations, the quest for enhancing soldier performance is a continuous endeavor. One groundbreaking avenue in this pursuit is the integration of exoskeleton technology with future advancements. This amalgamation holds the promise of revolutionizing warfare by equipping soldiers with unprecedented capabilities, resilience, and effectiveness on the battlefield.

1. Exoskeletons: A Leap Towards Enhanced Human Potential

Exoskeletons, once confined to the realms of science fiction, have emerged as tangible tools reshaping the modern battlefield. These robotic suits augment the wearer's strength, endurance, and agility, offering a transformative leap in human performance. 

By redistributing weight, reducing fatigue, and providing biomechanical support, exoskeletons empower soldiers to operate more efficiently and effectively, thereby mitigating physical strain and enhancing mission success rates.

2. Integration with Future Technologies: Pioneering the Battlefield of Tomorrow

The integration of exoskeletons with cutting-edge technologies heralds a new era of warfare, where human and machine capabilities synergize to unprecedented levels. Here are some key areas where this integration is set to redefine soldier performance:

(a) Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning: 

AI algorithms embedded within exoskeletons can analyze real-time data streams, anticipate user movements, and adapt suit functionality to optimize performance. Machine learning algorithms enable exoskeletons to learn from user interactions, refining their responses over time and customizing assistance based on individual soldier profiles.

(b) Augmented Reality (AR) and Heads-Up Displays (HUDs): 

Integration with AR technology provides soldiers with enhanced situational awareness, overlaying vital information such as maps, threat assessments, and mission objectives directly onto their field of view. HUDs integrated into exoskeleton helmets allow for seamless access to critical data without diverting attention from the mission at hand, facilitating faster decision-making and improved tactical outcomes.

(c) Energy Harvesting and Power Generation: 

Future exoskeletons may harness energy from various sources, including kinetic, solar, and thermal, to power onboard systems and extend operational endurance. By intelligently harvesting energy from the environment, these suits can reduce reliance on external power sources, enhance sustainability, and prolong mission durations in remote or hostile environments.

(d) Biomedical Sensors and Health Monitoring: 

Incorporating biomedical sensors into exoskeletons enables continuous monitoring of soldiers' physiological parameters, including heart rate, hydration levels, and fatigue indicators. Real-time health assessments empower commanders to make informed decisions regarding troop deployment, rest intervals, and medical interventions, optimizing both performance and personnel well-being.

(e) Swarm Robotics and Collaborative Autonomy: 

Exoskeleton-equipped soldiers can seamlessly integrate into swarm robotics systems, working in concert with autonomous drones, unmanned vehicles, and robotic companions to achieve mission objectives. Collaborative autonomy enhances situational awareness, distributes workload, and expands the scope of operations, enabling soldiers to accomplish tasks beyond the capabilities of individual humans or machines.

Ethical and Societal Implications:

In the ever-evolving landscape of military technology, exoskeletons have emerged as a groundbreaking innovation with the potential to redefine the capabilities of soldiers on the battlefield. These mechanical suits, once confined to the realm of science fiction, are now a tangible reality, offering enhanced strength, endurance, and protection to those who wear them. 

However, as with any technological advancement, the integration of exoskeletons into military operations raises profound ethical and societal questions that demand careful consideration.

At the forefront of ethical discourse surrounding exoskeleton technology is the issue of augmentation and its implications for human identity and agency. By augmenting soldiers with exoskeletons, we are essentially blurring the lines between man and machine, raising concerns about the potential loss of individual autonomy and the erosion of human dignity. 

Critics argue that reliance on technological enhancements may undermine the inherent value of human abilities and skills, reducing soldiers to mere instruments of war rather than autonomous agents capable of moral reasoning and decision-making.

Furthermore, the widespread deployment of exoskeletons in military settings has significant societal implications, particularly in terms of inequality and access to advanced technologies. While affluent nations may have the resources to invest in state-of-the-art exoskeletons for their armed forces, less developed countries may be left at a distinct disadvantage, widening the gap in military capabilities and exacerbating global power disparities. 

Moreover, the proliferation of exoskeleton technology raises concerns about the militarization of society and the perpetuation of a culture of conflict, where the pursuit of technological superiority takes precedence over efforts to promote peace and diplomacy.

In addition to these ethical and societal considerations, the use of exoskeletons in warfare also raises pressing questions about accountability and the laws of armed conflict. As exoskeletons blur the distinction between combatants and civilians, there is a risk of increased civilian casualties and collateral damage, particularly in urban environments where non-combatants may be inadvertently targeted during military operations. 

Moreover, the use of exoskeletons in asymmetrical conflicts could further tilt the balance of power in favor of state actors, potentially leading to disproportionate force and violations of international humanitarian law.

Despite these ethical and societal challenges, proponents of exoskeleton technology argue that when deployed responsibly and ethically, these advancements have the potential to enhance soldier performance while minimizing harm and maximizing the protection of human rights. 

By integrating principles of transparency, accountability, and proportionality into the development and deployment of exoskeletons, militaries can mitigate the risks associated with this technology and ensure that its benefits are realized without compromising fundamental ethical principles.

Ultimately, the integration of exoskeleton technology into military operations represents a complex and multifaceted issue that requires careful deliberation and ethical reflection. As we navigate the ethical and societal implications of enhancing soldier performance through exoskeleton technology, it is imperative that we remain vigilant in safeguarding human dignity, promoting justice, and upholding the principles of international law. 

Only through thoughtful consideration and responsible stewardship can we harness the potential of exoskeletons to advance the cause of peace and security in an increasingly complex world.


Future Outlook:

Exoskeleton technology has emerged as a transformative tool in enhancing soldier performance on the battlefield. As we look to the future, the potential for further advancements in this field holds promise for revolutionizing the way soldiers operate and engage in combat scenarios.

One of the most exciting prospects for the future of exoskeleton technology is the development of more lightweight and streamlined designs. Current exoskeletons, while effective, can be bulky and cumbersome, potentially limiting mobility and agility on the battlefield. 

However, ongoing research and development efforts are focused on creating exoskeletons that are both highly functional and ergonomically designed, allowing soldiers to move with greater ease and efficiency.

Additionally, future exoskeletons are expected to incorporate advanced materials and components, such as carbon fiber and nanotechnology, to further reduce weight while maintaining durability and strength. This shift towards lighter and more resilient materials will not only enhance soldier mobility but also increase endurance and reduce fatigue during prolonged missions.

Another area of focus in the future of exoskeleton technology is the integration of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning algorithms. By incorporating these technologies into exoskeletons, it will be possible to optimize performance based on individual soldier characteristics and mission requirements. 

AI-powered exoskeletons could dynamically adjust support levels and movement patterns in real-time, responding to changing terrain, environmental conditions, and tactical situations.

Moreover, the future of exoskeleton technology holds the potential for enhanced connectivity and communication capabilities. Exoskeletons equipped with advanced sensors and communication systems could provide soldiers with real-time data and situational awareness, allowing for more informed decision-making and coordination on the battlefield. 

Additionally, these integrated systems could facilitate seamless interaction with other wearable technologies, such as heads-up displays and biometric monitors, further enhancing soldier capabilities and effectiveness.

Furthermore, the future of exoskeleton technology extends beyond traditional combat roles to encompass a wide range of applications, including search and rescue operations, disaster relief efforts, and industrial settings. 

By adapting exoskeleton technology to various contexts and environments, it will be possible to leverage its benefits across multiple domains, improving safety, efficiency, and productivity.



In the pursuit of optimizing soldier performance, the integration of exoskeleton technology marks a transformative leap forward in modern warfare. As explored throughout this discourse, exoskeletons offer a myriad of benefits ranging from enhanced strength and endurance to improved survivability on the battlefield.

By leveraging advanced materials and robotics, exoskeletons provide soldiers with the physical resilience needed to overcome the formidable challenges of combat situations. These technological marvels not only augment human capabilities but also mitigate the risk of injury and fatigue, thereby ensuring sustained operational effectiveness.

Moreover, the adaptability of exoskeletons to various combat environments underscores their versatility and potential for widespread adoption across military units. Whether traversing rugged terrain, carrying heavy loads, or engaging in prolonged missions, soldiers equipped with exoskeletons stand poised to achieve unparalleled levels of performance and mission success.

However, amidst the optimism surrounding exoskeleton technology, it is imperative to acknowledge the ongoing need for research and development. Continued innovation is essential to refine the design, functionality, and affordability of exoskeletons, making them more accessible to military forces worldwide.

Furthermore, ethical considerations regarding the integration of exoskeletons into military operations cannot be overlooked. As with any advancement in warfare technology, the ethical implications must be carefully examined to ensure the responsible and humane use of exoskeletons on the battlefield.

In conclusion, the integration of exoskeleton technology represents a paradigm shift in how we envision and empower our soldiers. With their ability to augment human capabilities and improve operational efficiency, exoskeletons herald a new era of enhanced soldier performance, resilience, and readiness in the face of evolving threats. 

As we continue to push the boundaries of technological innovation, exoskeletons stand as a testament to our unwavering commitment to equipping our soldiers with the tools they need to succeed and safeguard our collective security.

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