Electronic Braking System (EBS)

Electronic Braking System concept:-


The use of electronic braking systems enables optimization of drive and braking operations on commercial vehicles. Electro pneumatic brakes, ABS anti-lock braking systems and TCS traction control systems are integrated as basic functions within EBS.

Electronic braking system

EBS (electronic braking system) and its components basically reduce the buildup time and response in the brake cylinder. In turn, this will reduce the braking distance by a few meters. In some situations, electronic activation of EBS may be decisive.

This is why the integrated ABS function ensures the stability and stability of driving during the entire braking process. EBS will detect and control the things going on with each individual wheel. This goes beyond dealing with wheel lockup.

This is because the electronic braking system is predictive with pre-programmed sensors, which prevents bad conditions from occurring. EBS has a notable feature function for the rollover. It can predict when a rollover will occur, then it brakes on special wheels to prevent it. This slows down engine speed in prime movers.

Components of electronic braking system:-

The EBS electronic brake system operates through an electronic control signal from the brake pedal sensor, which is electronically processed into the EBS control unit and then sent to the pressure control module with practically no delay.

The pressure control module pneumatically adjusts the required brake pressure in the wheel cylinder and simultaneously sends the sensor signal from the wheel area to the EBS control unit. The friction between the tire and the road surface can be exploited up to the maximum limit value.

Pneumatic working circuits are installed in the same way as dual-circuit dual-line braking systems to activate brake cylinders in towing vehicles and trailers. The EBS transforms into a pure compressed air braking system with two compressed air circuits in the event of faults.

The pressure is then created in the brake cylinder when braking, without control depending on the position of the brake pedal. The electronic and therefore immediate activation of the brakes through the pressure control module enables the driver to experience the same direct braking sensation as in passenger cars.

Benefit of Electronic braking system:-

Benefits of electronic braking systems are as follows-

1.   Easy maintenance:-

The use of electrical braking does not meet expensive maintenance costs when compared to mechanical braking. This is mainly because, in traditional braking systems, normally we replace brake shoes - and these involve additional costs.

2.   Wear better brakes:-

The amount of heat generated in electrical braking is much less than heat due to mechanical braking. In conventional or mechanical braking, the heat produced on the brake shoes will eventually break quickly.

3.   Braking effort increased:-

An electronic braking system works faster and more effectively than mechanical or conventional braking. ABS, EBD, BA (Automatic Braking System, Electronic Brake Distribution, Brake Assist)

4.   Cost drop:-

Electrical braking helps reduce running costs because a portion of the electrical energy used is recovered.

5.   Improve vehicle safety:-

The electric braking system will ensure that your tires are not locked, and your running ability will be retained.

This will also prevent oversteer as it maintains the proper force brake volume to the outer and inner wheels.

6.   EBS Safe Vehicle:-

EBS ensures tire not locked to prevent over stairs

7.   Increase system capacity:-

When the driver uses electrical braking, system efficiencies such as heavy loads and high speeds can be increased. This capability of EBS cannot be acquired when using mechanical braking.

8.   Differential slip control:-

It is a device that limits the amount of wheel spin if the driven wheels lose grip when there is applied power. The differential slip control does this by redistributing the engine power of the wheels with the most grip. This can be done either with electronics, with a mechanical system or through a combination of those two.

9.   Automatic traction control:-

It is an active car safety feature that helps cars use traction effectively. It uses all the traction available in the road when the car accelerates on low friction surfaces. Without traction control, the car is liable to slip when accelerating on slippery surfaces such as loose gravel or snow. Once it feel that the wheels of the car can slip, the traction control will be activated. This helps drivers the most with available traction on the road surface.

10.   ESC or electronic stability control:-

ESC is intended as a way of correcting conditions. For example, if a driver makes an error that involves the stability of the vehicle, the ESC will move quickly to mitigate. It intervenes independently to adjust brake control and engine power to reduce skidding, rollover, jack-lifting and spinning. This will work in situations where the vehicle is required to bend effectively to prevent or reduce the risk of losing control.

11.   ACC or adaptive cruise control interface:-

It also comes with a driver alert system that automatically monitors traffic. It also senses the distance of your vehicle from the car to the front.

Modern technology of brake after ABS is EBD its called Electronic Brake Force Distribution